深圳当代社会观察研究所

Institute of Contemporary Observation

English

我们的事业

过去三十年,推动中国经济快速增长的动力之一,就是数亿从农村转移到城市,从中西部农村地区流入东部沿海城镇地区的廉价劳动力,中国官方称之为“农民工”。尽管他们对经济的发展做出了巨大的贡献,但是他们的基本权益却经常受到侵犯,他们的声音也一直被忽略。更严重的是,他们没有机会在城市安家乐业。这些日益增长的不平等正在成为工人骚动和社会不稳定的根源。在二十一世纪的头十年,我们目睹了劳工骚乱事件的快速上升。而举世震惊的2010年深圳富士康工人连续跳楼自杀,以及日本本田公司佛山零配件工厂工人罢工,都是其中的典型案例。这就要求有新的愿景来满足这些工人的需求,并提高他们的权利意识。而最急迫的是,让他们有能力表达出其权益及诉求。目前,外来工很少有资源来了解他们的权利,更没有机会去表达他们的共同愿景。因应这个时代的呼唤,深圳当代社会观察研究所(简称“ICO”)于2001年3月创办于深圳,她的使命就是为这些进城的工人提供资源与机会,改变他们的劳动地位,并因此提升他们的社会地位。

ICO立足于珠江三角洲和长江三角洲等东南沿海地区,并将足迹延伸至中国内地以及东南亚国家的出口生产企业,因为这是外来工最密集的地区与行业。根据国家统计局的2012年的数据,仅珠江三角洲和长江三角洲就有1.09亿农民工,占全国总数的43.2%,其中16至24岁之间的年轻工人就有3100万,女性大约1500万人,有接近1400万人服务于全球供应链上的制造工厂。90后年轻人外出打工的平均年龄是17.2岁,受教育时间为9.8年(全国15岁以上人口的平均受教育时间为8.5年)。他们面临着低工资、长时间工作、缺乏社会保障,以及恶劣的生活环境等困难。2011年的官方统计数据显示,他们的每月平均工资是1328元,其中43%的年轻人工资在1200元以下;他们平均每月工资26天,每天工作9小时,其中45.2%的人每天工作时间超过9小时;而社会保险的覆盖率也非常低:91.5%的人没有养老保险,75.5%的人没有工伤保险,85.7%的人没有医疗保险,95.5%的人没有失业保险。84%的外来年轻人要在工厂宿舍或出租房里与其他人分享一个房间,77.2%的人对他们生活与工作的城市没有归属感,64.4%的人感到生活不快乐。45%的年轻外来工不打算返回他们的家乡,但却没有能力融入城市生活。他们需要获得协助以提升他们的人力资本和社会资本,更好地融入主流社会。

在联合国、世界银行、欧盟委员会等国际组织,福特基金会、彭博基金会、香港乐施会等慈善机构,以及Burberry、Primark, GMCR, Fuji Xerox, Omron,NEC等跨国公司的支持下,ICO创造性地开拓了在中国的特殊政治环境下改善工作环境,促进体面劳动的解决方案与行动途径,为劳动者的未来创造更公平的发展机会。同时,ICO积极参加一些国际公益组织,例如在2003年参与发起湄公河流域移民网络,2013年开始成为全球电信业可持续行动联盟的成员。

鉴于ICO在推动劳工发展和促进企业社会责任上的贡献,2003年12月,新闻杂志《南风窗》“为了公共利益”专刊授予ICO“2003年度推进中国公共利益和社会进步最佳组织奖”;2005年3月26日,由经济观察报社和壳牌(中国)集团联合主办的“可持续发展在中国”评选委员会把“可持续发展在中国十佳案例”大奖授予ICO的劳工事业。

Our Works

In the past 3 decades, China has achieved its rapid growth and become an emerging world economic power by exploitation of the cheap domestic rural-urban migrant workers to work in taking-off industries. Despite their contribution, the labor’s rights of migrant workers are neglected and their voices largely ignored. In addition, they are excluded from social welfare and security system with little opportunity to settle down in the urban society. These growing inequalities have caused troubled emotions among migrant workers and social unrest across China. In the first decade of the new millennium, we have witnessed unprecedented growth in incidents of labor unrest. The notorious incidents of suicides at Foxconn, a world giant supplier for electronic devices, and successful strike in Honda, a Japanese car manufacturing company in Guangdong in 2010, are examples of such social unrest. It calls for a perspective to meet the needs of rural-urban migrant workers and to raise their awareness of their own rights.. In response to these current challenges, the Institute of Contemporary Observation (referred to as”ICO”) was founded in March 2001 in Shenzhen. Its mission is to provide these migrant workers with resources and opportunities to change their labour status in order to enhance their social status.

ICO is based in the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta and other southeast coastal areas and extends its outreach to export-production enterprises in China mainland and Southeast Asian countries. There are 109 million migrant workers living in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) and Yangtze River Delta (YRD) alone, comprising 43.2% of national migrants. Among them, 31 million are aged between 16 and 24 years old, with 15 million female and nearly 14 million working in factories of global supply chains. On the average, those migrant workers born in 1990s left their hometowns at 17.2 years old, with average education of 9.8 years, higher than the national average level of 8.5 years for the people above 15 year-old.. They face up such difficulties as low income, long working hours, little social protection, as well as poor living environment. The average monthly wage is 1,328 CNY/m, with 43.6% of the young migrants under 1,200CNY/m (approximately 175 US$). Average working days per month are 26 and the average daily working hours are 9, with 45.2% of them working more than 9 hours per day. The social security coverage is low: 91.5% without endowment insurance, 75.5% without injury insurance, 85.7% without medical insurance and 95.5% without unemployment insurance. Eighty-four per cent of the migrant youths share rooms with other persons in factory’s dormitory or their workplaces. But 77.2% of them did not think they belonged to the areas they are living in and 64.4% felt unhappy. Forty-five per cent of the young migrant workers have no intention to return rural hometown, but experiencing difficult to integrate into urban life. They need assistance to develop their social capital and integrate into the mainstream of society.

With the support of international organizations including the United Nations, the World Bank and the European Commission as well as charity institutions like the Ford Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies and Oxfam Hong Kong and with the help of muti-national corporation like Burberry, Primark, GMCR, Fuji Xerox, Omron and NEC. ICO creatively develops solutions and actions to improve working conditions and to promote decent work in the special political environment in China as well as create more equal opportunities to develop the workers’ future. At the same time ICO actively participates in international welfare organizations such as the Mekong migrant network initiated in 2003, further more ICO became a member of the Global E-Sustainable Initiative in 2013.

Given ICO’s contribution towards promoting workers’ development and corporate social responsibility, the South Window magazine chose ICO in December 2003 for its annual award as the best organization promoting public interest and social progress in China. On March 26th 2005, Economic Observer and Shell Group (China) jointly organized the "Sustainable Development in China" selection committee and granted ICO’s labour career the “Top Ten Cases on Sustainable Development in China” award.

董事会成员

专业的工作团队

ICO的工作团队由20名专职员工和10多兼职顾问、培训师组成,是一支拥有不同知识背景、充满热情,而且经验丰富、敬业高效的队伍。他们具有经济学、法律、社会学与社会工作、心理学、医学、教育学、国际贸易、会计、信息技术、工业安全、环境保护等各种专业知识。

Board members

Professional team

ICO consists of 10 full-time employees and over 10 part-time consultants and trainers, and among them some graduate from universities both at domestics and abroad, and some grow from front-line workers. With various academic backgrounds in economics, laws, sociology, social work, psychology, education, international trading, accounting, information technology, industrial safety, this team has features of being experienced, enthusiastic, professional and efficient. ICO takes special focus on employees’ capacity building, besides internal training, ICO also arranges its employees to be trained inside and outside of China. ICO ensures that each employee to have the capability of settling problems and actively exploring the best solution and promoting social justice with their enthusiasms.

我们的志愿者

ICO每年均接待一些来自国内外的大学生到机构实习,让他们有机会了解中国劳工的真实生活与工作状况,加强国内外大学生与中国工人的联系。同时,我们也会根据项目的具体情况,定期招募大学生和工人志愿者,支持我们相关项目的进展。有兴趣加入ICO志愿者队伍的朋友可以通过我们的机构邮箱info@ico-china.org,向我们发出申请。

联系我们

性别

*请您放心,未经您的允许我们不会将您的资料信息透露给任何人。

Our Volunteers

Each year ICO would have university students at home and abroad to work as interns, through which they understand the real life and work situations of China labours, thus to enhance the relationship between Chinese workers and university students. In addition, decided by its actual situation, ICO would regularly recruit volunteers to support its project development. If you are interested in it, please email us at info@ico-china.orgto apply.

Contact

Gender

male

female

*We assure you that your information will not be disclosured without your pemission.

Submit successfully

OK